Create GeoNetwork MEF files from ISO 19139 XML through Python

This is an example Python script that showcases the creation of GeoNetwork Metadata Exchange Format 1.1 (MEF) archives from ISO 19139 metadata XML files.It has been tested in Windows XP and Python 2.6.

#!/usr/bin/env python
# this is

Example script to create GeoNetwork's Metadata Exchange Format 1.1 (MEF) archive from ISO 19139 metadata XML files

MEF files are ZIP archives with the following structure:
+-<uuid>.mef zip archive with the metadata's UUID (must be valid) as the file name
| -info.xml GeoNetwork (GN) specific metadata such as privileges, related data & thumbnail image files, etc.
| -metadata.xml ISO 19139 metadata record
| +public directory with public thumbnail and data files - can be empty
| +private directory with private (GN authentication required) data files such as shape files etc. - can be empty

Usage: make sure to edit mef_siteId, info_xml, etc.

Python 2.6
Wolfgang Grunberg
Arizona Geological Survey

# Library Imports - not all may be needed
import os
import sys
import cProfile
import shutil
import zipfile
import mimetypes
from xml.dom import minidom
from xml.dom import Node
from time import strftime

# module globals and constants
# globals
__author__ = "Wolfgang Grunberg"
__copyright__ = "Copyright 2009, Arizona Geological Survey"
__credits__ = ["Wolfgang Grunberg", "the Internets"]
__license__ = "GPL"
__version__ = "1.0.0"
__maintainer__ = "Wolfgang Grunberg"
__email__ = ""
__status__ = "Prototype" # "Prototype", "Development", or "Production"

# some settings

# ISO metadata folder path
iso19139_xml_path = "C:\\tmp\\xml_test\\gn_iso19139\\"
# MEF metadata folder path
mef_path = "C:\\tmp\\xml_test\\gn_mef\\"

# temporary work location
tmp_path = "C:\\tmp\\" # Temporary workspace to place MEF content before zipping up
mef_dir_name = "temp_mef\\" # Temporary directory that is created and deleted
# temporary file/folder structure
metadata_xml_file = tmp_path+mef_dir_name+"metadata.xml"
info_xml_file = tmp_path+mef_dir_name+"info.xml"
private_dir = tmp_path+mef_dir_name+"private"
public_dir = tmp_path+mef_dir_name+"public"

def createMef():
Extract ISO 19139 metadata and create MEF archive with necessary files and folders

print "***** START Create MEF "+strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")+" *****"
uuid = "missing" # metadata record UUID dummy. NOTE: this must be a valid UUID!
create_date = strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S") # dummy metadata creation date
mef_siteId = "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000" # metadata creator UUID. NOTE: this must be a valid UUID!

# get list of file names from ISO directory
dir = os.listdir(iso19139_xml_path)
#print dir #debug
except os.error:
print " EXCEPTION: ISO 19139 metadata directory does not exits ("+iso19139_xml_path+") "

# go through each ISO 19139 metadata file
for file_name in dir:
#print file_name #debug
iso_source_file = iso19139_xml_path+file_name # path to metadata file

# retrieve UUID from <gmd:fileIdentifier><gco:CharacterString>. NOTE: this must be a valid UUID!
with open(iso_source_file, 'r') as f:
iso_metadata =
print " Reading metadata: "+file_name
#print iso_metadata #debug
# Load ISO metadata string into XML object
xmldoc = minidom.parseString(iso_metadata)
#print xmldoc.toxml() #debug
uuid = xmldoc.getElementsByTagName('gmd:fileIdentifier')[0].getElementsByTagName('gco:CharacterString')[0]
#print uuid #debug
create_date = xmldoc.getElementsByTagName('gmd:dateStamp')[0].getElementsByTagName('gco:DateTime')[0]
#print create_date #debug
xmldoc.unlink() # cleanup DOM for improved performance

# if the MEF file doesn't exist, create it
if os.path.exists(mef_path+uuid+'.mef') == False:
# create temporary directory
except OSError, err:
print >>sys.stderr, " EXCEPTION: ", err
# create tmp/public/ and tmp/private/ directories
except OSError, err:
print >>sys.stderr, " EXCEPTION: ", err
except OSError, err:
print >>sys.stderr, " EXCEPTION: ", err

# copy iso metadata to <temporary location>/metadata.xml
shutil.copy2(iso_source_file, metadata_xml_file)

# construct info.xml file
info_xml = "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>"
info_xml += "<info version=\"1.0\"><general>"
info_xml +="<uuid>"+uuid+"</uuid>" # universally unique identifier assigned to the metadata and must be a valid UUID. This element is optional and, when omitted, the reader should generate one
info_xml +="<createDate>"+create_date+"</createDate>" # when the metadata was created
info_xml +="<changeDate>"+strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")+"</changeDate>" # most recent change to the metadata.
info_xml +="<siteId>"+mef_siteId+"</siteId>" # This is an UUID that identifies the actor that created the metadata and must be a valid UUID. When the UUID element is missing, this element should be missing too. If present, it will be ignored.
info_xml +="<siteName>Arizona Geological Survey</siteName>" # Site Name
info_xml +="<schema>iso19139</schema>" # dublin-core, fgdc-std, iso19115, iso19139
info_xml +="<format>full</format>" # MEF format: simple, partial, full
info_xml +="<localId>"+uuid+"</localId>" # OPTIONAL If present, indicates the id used locally by the sourceId actor to store the metadata. Its purpose is just to allow the reuse of the same local id when reimporting a metadata.
info_xml +="<isTemplate>false</isTemplate>" # A boolean field that indicates if this metadata is a template used to create new ones. There is no real distinction between a real metadata and a template but some actors use it to allow fast metadata creation.
info_xml +="<rating>0</rating>" # If present, indicates the users' rating of the metadata ranging from 1 (a bad rating) to 5 (an excellent rating). The special value 0 means that the metadata has not been rated yet. Can be used to sort search results.
info_xml +="<popularity>0</popularity>" # If present, indicates the popularity of the metadata. The value must be positive and high values mean high popularity. The criteria used to set the popularity is left to the writer. Its main purpose is to provide a metadata ordering during a search.
info_xml +="</general><categories> <category name=\"geology\"/><category name=\"datasets\"/></categories>" # GN categories
info_xml +="<privileges>" # GN privileges
info_xml +="<group name=\"all\">\
<operation name=\"view\" />\
<operation name=\"download\"/>\
<operation name=\"dynamic\"/>\
<operation name=\"featured\"/>\
<group name=\"intranet\">\
<operation name=\"view\" />\
<operation name=\"download\"/>\
<operation name=\"dynamic\"/>\
<operation name=\"featured\"/>\
<group name=\"admin\">\
<operation name=\"view\" />\
<operation name=\"download\"/>\
<operation name=\"dynamic\"/>\
<operation name=\"featured\"/>\
<operation name=\"notify\"/>\
info_xml +="<public/>" # GN public files
info_xml +="<private/></info>" # GN private files - require authentication
#print info_xml # debug

# create tmp/info.xml file
f = open(info_xml_file,'w')
print " EXCEPTION: failed to write "+info_xml_file

# mef file name
zfilename = uuid+".mef"
# create list files and folders to archive
archive_list = ['metadata.xml', 'info.xml', 'public', 'private']
# go to temporary directory
#print os.getcwd() # debug
# zip and copy mef if it does not already exist
if os.path.exists(mef_path+zfilename) == False:
zout = zipfile.ZipFile(mef_path+zfilename, "w")
# add files and folders to mef files
for fname in archive_list:
print " creating "+mef_path+zfilename
#print " XML file exists"
print " "+mef_path+zfilename+" already exists - skipping it"

# go up a level of temporary directory
# delete tmp stuff
print " deleted "+tmp_path+mef_dir_name+" directory"
except OSError:
print " EXCEPTION: failed to delete "+tmp_path+mef_dir_name
print " "+uuid+".mef already exists - skipping it"
print "***** END Create MEF "+strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")+" *****"

if __name__=="__main__":
createMef()'createMef()') # execution performance information